Barriers to Offsite Construction Adoption in Jordan: An Exploratory Factor Analysis


  • Hasan Badran University of Brighton, UK
  • Mohammed Arif Leeds Trinity University
  • Mahmood Alam University of Brighton, UK
  • Mohammed Alaqad London Metropolitan University, UK
  • Rubina Islam University College of Estate Management, UK


Offsite Construction (OSC); Barriers; Modern Methods of Construction (MMC); Prefabrication


This research investigated the barriers to Offsite Construction (OSC) adoption in Jordan. Four hypothesised groups, with their associated items, were used to develop a questionnaire survey to gather data. Twenty-three survey items were finalised through an extensive literature review and a pilot study. The questionnaire was used to collect data from 208 construction professionals in Jordan. An exploratory factor analysis revealed that the OSC adoption is affected by three groups of barriers: economic, social, and environmental. The analysis assists in developing evaluation frameworks for continuous and process improvements. Understanding the barriers to OSC adoption is essential so that decision-makers and practitioners can effectively plan and implement effective strategies and development plans, thriving the adoption of OSC in Jordan.




Conference Proceedings Volume


Academic Papers